The list of panels includes 

The following panels have been submitted and approved by the Rii Forum 2022 Academic Committee. Several other proposals are still under consideration. Should you have an idea, please, contact us at

1.1. Immersive technologies in higher education: drawing lessons from the Covid-19 pandemic and moving forward

The Covid-19 pandemic and the necessity to teach remotely revealed the continued salience of technology-enhanced teaching and learning (TEL). In this context, the usefulness of the variety of tools employing virtual reality (VR), as well as based on virtual presence has become apparent. What has been less clear before is that efficient use of VR-enhanced tools requires that instructors are equipped with relevant skills. Hence, any discussion on the use of VR-enhanced tools in education requires also a conversation on VR-training. A similar argument could be made on augmented reality (AR), a field less discussed in context of higher education, and yet a field of a growing importance. The objective of this panel is to explore how immersive technologies, including VR and AR can be effectively employed in higher education as viewed from a variety of perspectives, including the technical (prototype validation, industrial trainers, ergonomics support, etc.), applied (soft skills training, virtual classroom, virtual reality assessment center etc.), and related to healthcare (cue-exposure therapy, ergotherapy, doctor/nurse/patient training) and other.

-Lucie Rohlíková, Ph.D., University of West Bohemia, Plzen, the Czech Republic
-Petr Hořejší, Ph.D., doc. Ing., University of West Bohemia, Plzen, the Czech Republic
1.2. Higher education institutions in the post-Covid era: enforced adaptation and change. Towards a new performance model?

The Covid-19 pandemic has not been the source of all challenges higher education institutions (HEIs) are facing today. Rather, the Covid-19 pandemic exacerbated the already existing weaknesses and challenges imminent in the system. In other words, the Covid-19 pandemic laid bare the preexisting problems. At the same time, it created an opportunity to undertake decisive actions to address the weaknesses. The objective of this panel is to query and discuss (i) the strategies that have been employed worldwide to address the Covid-inflicted imminent challenges to HEIs, e.g. the necessity to switch to remote learning nearly overnight, (ii) issues and problems that the pandemic brought to the surface; and (iii) approached adopted by HEIs to adapt to and to transform during the pandemic.

Krzysztof Kozłowski, Ph.D. (dr hab.) SGH Warsaw School of Economics, Warsaw, Poland
2.1. Rethinking SmART cities and their performance

As the debate on smart cities matures, a great number of topics and issues are discussed. This notwithstanding, several topics remain underdiscussed and in this view new openings in the smart cities debate are needed. The objective of this panel is to encourage research that does just that. Specifically, the objective of this panel is to collect top notch academic contributions, both conceptual and empirical, that address the big question of how smart cities function, in terms of their performance, growth, competitiveness and well-being. In other words, this panel queries the art of making smart cities deliver on the value that they can and that they should.

Convenor: Anna Visvizi, Ph.D., Associate Professor, SGH Warsaw School of Economics, Warsaw, Poland
2.2. Exploring resilience in smart cities through the lens of service theories

While resilience is a recurrent topic in research focused on business and management, increasingly it is also employed in the smart cities debate. In this context the key question is how smart cities can reorient their strategies and readapt their processes to comply with the mounting evolution required by disrupting events in a turbulent scenario. To investigate cities’ capability to adapt and react to an unstable social and economic environment, smart cities can be reinterpreted through the lens of service science and resilience can be reframed as system’s ability to overcome crisis. Services marketing and management theories (such as service-dominant logic, service science, service-oriented approach and so on) can provide a conceptual lens to understand how value co-creation process can benefit from disruption by giving birth to new resource integration practices that foster the co-development of innovation. Hence, this panel welcomes contributions that employ service theories to investigate how innovative and resilient solutions can be co-created by city’s stakeholders through the use of new technologies that enhance resources integration process which, by means of learning- based mechanisms and the involvement of users in decision-making, encourage social participation and social innovation. The overall synergy deriving from bottom-up collaboration can foster the emergence of resilience, intended as the complex result of ecosystem’s restructuring, adaptation and institutionalization that enables the transition from the resolution of emergency to the emergence of continuous improvement and innovation.

Convenor:Francesca Loia, Ph.D.,University of Naples, Naples, Italy  Italy
2.3. The urban-rural tension and people’s well-being: from smart cities to smart villages

The smart city paradigm hype that has evolved over the past decade has researchers from all disciplines coming together to thoroughly investigate all it’s aspects. From policymaking, ICT implementations, and all the way to the well-being of the citizens of the area. However, little focus is placed on the smart village. The life and well-being of the inhabitants of smart villages are of utmost importance as they struggle to remain in a world that would rather be urban than rural. Resilience in the inhabited area, whether urban or rural in conjunction needs to be addressed, as one cannot persevere without the other. Current development plans that aim to address the rural context should at heart be focused on the community itself and the differences between settings taken into consideration. Resilience in a setting that is constantly under the threat of being changed into urban should be further researched. The objective of this panel is to do just that.

-Shahira Abdel Razek, Ph.D., Delta University for Science and Technology,Alexandria Egypt
-Yasmin Moanis, Ph.D., Delta University for Science and Technology, Alexandria, Egypt
3.1. Covid’s aftermath and the business sector: Open Innovation Networks through collaboration, resilience and anti-fragility

The ability to innovate quickly and efficiently is an imperative for small and large businesses, as well as for public and voluntary organizations. This imperative becomes more urgent today as the business sector has to deal with the implications of the Covid-19 pandemic. The experience of the past decade has taught us that the challenge of innovation cannot be won by acting in isolation. The challenge of innovation can be won only at the level of networks and ecosystems and through collaboration. In this context, resilience and anti-fragility become the key properties determining an organization’s prospects of embracing the challenge of innovation. Still, resilience and anti-fragility are not properties that are easily developed and/or acquired. Digital technologies make interactions between organizations easier and more effective. They may facilitate cooperation and coordination as well as foster the creation of a digital ecosystem for cooperation. Large and small businesses, academic institutions, innovative startups, third sector organizations and public administrations are all called upon to build these digital ecosystems and create value through them. But what are the possible collaboration models? What factors favor a fruitful collaboration? What is the role of digital technologies? How do these factors change from sector to sector and from country to country? How has the crisis generated by the pandemic changed the dynamics through which these ecosystems develop and thrive? Developing efficient innovation networks and ecosystems, with an open innovation approach, can help us overcome the crisis more quickly and even improve the context in which we operate in terms of generated value and sustainability.

Vincenzo Corvello, Editor in Chief of European Journal of Innovation Management, Department of Mechanical, Energy and Management Engineering, University of Calabria, Italy
3.2. From invoice factories to knowledge hubs? International service relocation impact on human capital in home and host economies

The aim of the proposed panel is to discuss the impact of international service relocation on human capital in home and host economies. The previous analyses related to the impact of ICT-enabled service relocation on host economies verified its significant impact including complex but mostly positive external effects. The results of research on the impact of offshoring on the labor market showed the growing economic importance of this phenomenon though they are usually related to home economies and not host economies. Attempts were made to theoretically systematize the mechanisms of the impact of service relocation on human capital in home and host economies but there is limited empirical research on this phenomenon. The literature on the subject emphasizes that business entities (often MNCs) are guided by various motives and look for human resources with varying characteristics while using service offshoring. It is, however, to be determined whether this pursuit leads to, among other aspects: investment in human resource development, the improvement of employee competence, as well as concentration and specialization of human resources. On the one hand, it is important to broaden the understanding of the relationship between these processes and the characteristics of the offshored services, which will allow for the identification of the mechanisms that enhance the development of human resources and upgrade human capital in host locations. On the other hand, the subject of intensive analyses is the extent to which offshoring is associated with the reduction and changes of the pool of jobs in the home economies. For instance, it has been indicated that the international relocation of services enabled by ICT technologies leads to a reduction in the overall number of workplaces, but also to a creation of small number of new workplaces for highly skilled workers in the home economies. The examples of questions that may be discussed during the panel include: (i) Are some internationally relocated services really that advanced and so highly value-added?; (ii) To what extent the development of human capital in home locations may prevent the service relocation? (iii) What characteristics of services enhance the development of human capital in the host locations? (iv) What transformations occur within human resources in MNCs subsidiaries in host economies? (v) What is the impact of Covid-19 pandemic on the service relocation and its human capital related characteristics?

Radosław Malik, Ph.D., Assistant Professor, SGH Warsaw School of Economics, Warsaw, Poland
3.3.Nurturing innovation emergence in organizations: not only start-ups

Contemporary organizations are progressively exposed to unexpected disruptive events that increase complexity and managerial risks. Therefore, to be able to address changes taking place in their environment, companies need to redefine their strategic orientation, their business models, and resources’ integration practices. In this context, remodeling knowledge management strategies may foster the dynamic activation of skills, which in turn, may lead to the development of innovation opportunities. The objective of this panel is to attract conceptual and empirical contributions that explore the question of which dynamic capabilities are required to address complexity, challenge technological evolution, foster the adoption of data-driven orientation and develop innovation. The goal is to understand how to seize innovation opportunities through the right combination of technology and data analysis, dynamic skills and human capital, by exploring the type of skills that can encourage the emergence of innovation.

-Orlando Troisi, Ph.D., University of Salerno, Fisciano, Italy
-Mara Grimaldi, Ph.D., University of Salerno, Fisciano, Italy
3.4. Risk management and sustainable recovery in emerging markets

Covid-19 represents one of the most recent cases of rupture and relating risks and threats for the business sector. However, the recovery from the shock inflicted by the pandemic remains a source of many challenges. Thus, it is necessary to investigate the most efficient strategies employed by contemporary businesses to hedge the risks and threats of the post-Covid era. The case of the emerging markets offers a very interesting insight into this issue. In this context, smart technology and the digitalization of business models may serve as the key levers for the co-development of innovative and sustainable ways of navigating the variety of challenges business in emerging markets face. However, as the world is more interconnected than ever, think of the supply chains, and global value chains, any discussion on emerging markets needs to consider developments elsewhere as well. In VUCA times, it is imperative that research explores and highlights the strategies, practices and tools adopted in the business sector to respond to instances of rupture, to build resilience, and to enter the path toward sustainable recovery. The objective of this panel is to explore these complex issues.

-Orlando Troisi, Ph.D., University of Salerno, Fisciano, Italy
3.5. Logistics and Supply Chain Management in times of rupture

The Covid-19 pandemic disrupted the functioning of networks and supply chains locally and globally. To address the imminent challenges and to prepare the business sector for the challenges and disruptions yet to come, it is imperative to rethink the logistics’ toolkit already available and look beyond it. The inroads of information and communication technology (ICT) in logistics in general, and in its specific subdimensions adds another layer to the applied aspects of logistics in civilian and military systems. Apart from ICT, it is equally important to consider the impact of the developments on the global scene on reverse logistics, especially in the context of shaping sustainable supply chains that are socially and environmentally responsible. The latter forces organizational changes in logistics systems, especially as regards transport and storage aspects of logistics. The impact of Covid-19 on supply- and value-chains and networks as well as changes in the relations among the participants of the logistics systems have their impact on logistics systems of cities and urban areas. This panel will be of particular interest to researchers and practitioners engaged with diverse topics pertaining to logistics systems, logistics processes, SCM, city logistics, reverse logistics and international logistics, and military logistics.

-Marta Wincewicz-Bosy, Ph.D. (dr. bab.), Logistics Department, Faculty of Management, General Tadeusz Kościuszko Military University of Land Forces, Wroclaw, Poland
3.6. Innovative Technologies and Solutions to Drive Social Impact and Sustainable Business

The last two years of the COVID-19 pandemic had an enormous impact on peoples’ life conditions extending the need for social innovations. There is a wide gap between the scale of the social problems nations face and the number of innovative technologies and solutions all sorts of organizations have to offer. Therefore new and effective solutions need to be implemented to make a positive change to society. Climate change, slowing economic development, poverty, or hunger is an issue that requires more creative and effective approaches. Rising life expectancy and long-term medical conditions need technical and social innovations that address the community’s unmet needs in an effective way, improving people’s lives. Implementing new ideas must be done as a long-term supportive solution for good social change in mind which involved public and private sector creators, investors, and end beneficiaries state of mind. Hence only a real and good alliance between them can lead to a meaningful impact. There is a latent requirement to delve deeper into the research for the social impact of different innovation technologies or solutions, on reshaping or improving existing tools, and on the links between social innovations and other topics such as social value, assistive technology, or internet and communication. Therefore the aim of this special session is to encourage researchers to provide better and more effective solutions for creating better technologies, solving social problems, and making influential social impact. The panel scope includes, but is not limited to the following topics:
Innovative Technologies for Sustainable Development; Technologies for Accelerating the Implementation of the SDGs;  Innovations and Circular Economy; Sustainable Business Solutions for Social Impact; Social Impact of Digital Technologies; Human-Centered Design for Social Impact

-Chien-wen Shen, Ph.D., National Central University, Taiwan
-Ping-Yu Hsu, Ph.D., Taiwan
4.1. Security of data storage facilities: is your database sufficiently protected?

Today, billions of interconnected devices form an Internet of Things (IoT) ecosystem. With an increasing number of devices and systems in use, the risk of security breaches increases. This even more the case in times of COVID-19 pandemics, when pandemics affected not only human beings’ health and lives but also lifestyle of the society, i.e. digital environment substituted the physical one. This led to an increase of cyber-security threats of different nature. At the same time, while security breaches and security protection mechanisms have been widely addressed in the literature, the notion of “primitive” artifact, such as database seems to have not been paid same attention of researchers and practitioners. But are databases always secure and protected by default, i.e. do databases follow the “security by design” principle? Previous research and regular updates on data leakages suggest that the number and nature of vulnerabilities of databases is very high. Several factors contribute to that and a variety of different measures can be employed to address the issue. Their complexity varies significantly. The aim of the panel is to examine both, the current research on data security, threats posed by weak security of databases, especially NoSQL databases, as well as the approaches to inspect and identify this issue with regards to the question of who owns data storage facilities, security by data storage facility type and country – whether this is country-specific or rather data storage facility-specific question?

–Anastasija Nikiforova, Ph.D., Anastasija Nikiforova, Ph.D., University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia & European Open Science Cloud, Belgium
4.2. Territorial Defense Forces as an element of the defense system

The Covid-19 pandemic showed that there are situations where institutions responsible for security and health are unable to perform their tasks. In such situations, the support of territorial troops (e.g., the Territorial Defense Forces (TDF) in Poland and the National Guard in the United States) was indispensable. TDF as an element of the defense system can be used to support in situations of military and non-military threat.
The panel aims to discuss the role of territorial defense forces in supporting public administration in non-military, crisis, and military situations. Areas of discussion may include the actions of territorial defense forces in the fight against pandemics, support in defending the EU borders against aggression from Belarus or other countries, assistance to the population during crises.

-Wojciech Horyń, Ph.D., General Tadeusz Kosciuszko Military University of Land Forces, Wroclaw, Poland
4.3. The Armed Forces in crisis management

The main task of the Armed Forces is to protect the state and society against external military threats. The challenges to be faced by the armed forces are not limited to actions of a military nature. In fact all contemporary security strategies of the European Union Member States contain guidelines concerning undertaking by the armed forces activities of non-military character as well. When performing certain tasks related to providing security, support from the military seems to be indispensable, if only due to the lack of actual possibilities of counteracting a given threat by police officers. In the case of the occurrence of specific threats requiring the intervention of organized military formations, the armed forces are an indispensable element of the undertaken actions, the best example of which were the initiatives carried out by the army within the framework of the fight against COVID-19 pandemic. The aim of this panel is an attempt to diagnose the degree of contemporary non-military threats, the combating of which will remain in the responsibility of the Armed Forces, in particular in cooperation with other entities responsible for ensuring security, e.g. the police.

-Jacek Dworzecki, Ph.D., General Tadeusz Kosciuszko Military University of Land Forces, Wroclaw, Poland
4.4. Cybersecurity and Cyber War

States use cyberspace as one of the platforms for pursuing national interests, also in the armed context. Defensive actions in cyberspace are officially the part of strategic documents of the biggest state players in international relations, unofficially offensive cyber-operations are used to reach national interests too. The number of nation-state cyber-operations is raising significantly and takes many forms. From disrupting sources of data in physical and logical systems, manipulating algorithms used in the processing of signals, manipulating interpretations associated with information, to weaponizing information systems. The aim of this panel is to examine and discuss: the forms and examples of nation-states cyber-operations – their scale, characteristics and threats they result; existing methods of cyber warfare; principles of international law that apply to the activities of entities (state and non-state) in cyberspace; and cyber-attacks as a threat to the functioning of the state.

-Agata Małecka, Ph.D., General Tadeusz Kosciuszko Military University of Land Forces, Wroclaw, Poland
-Marlena Rybczyńska, Cpt., General Tadeusz Kosciuszko Military University of Land Forces, Wroclaw, Poland
4.5. Military security in context of hybrid war

Hybrid warfare, defined as a form of violent conflict involving state and non-state actors using conventional and unconventional means of interaction not limited to the battlefield or a specific physical territory, combi¬nes disinformation, cyber attacks, economic pressure, the deployment of irregular armed groups and the use of regular units. It has proved to be a serious challenge to state authorities, the responsiveness of defence systems and the decision-making of international security institutions. The problem of hybrid warfare prompts consideration of the means of defence that defence strategy can respond to. Pro-defence thinking and action, and within it – the importance of defence strategy and military potential, are taking on increasin¬gly clear shapes. The aim of this panel is an attempt to answer the questions of how to respond in the condi¬tions of a democratic state to the threats of hybrid war and how to ensure the military security of the state in the face of hybrid threats.

-Izabela Nowicka, Ph.D, General Tadeusz Kosciuszko Military University of Land Forces, Wroclaw, Poland

-Marek Bodziany, Ph.D., General Tadeusz Kosciuszko Military University of Land Forces, Wroclaw, Poland
5.1. Sightseeing re-imagined: new technologies and new approaches for a better museum experience

While cultural heritage remains a top issue in debates held in international and domestic fora, while revenue from tourism forms a sizeable part of some countries’ GDP, a lot more needs to be done to enhance the personal experience with museal artifacts. Consider ancient ruins in a city such as Athens and ask yourself if a VR-enhanced tour would not make a thrilling experience? Consider a young spectator’s experience thus gained, and the relating to it, knowledge, insight into and understanding of our shared heritage. Consider the overall impact on our society, and the worldviews that shape contemporary politics. The question is what it would take to make a greater and a more efficient use of technology, including VR and AR, to start with, in the fields of culture, cultural heritage, and museum design. The objective of this panel is to explore this question.

-Anna Visvizi, Ph.D., Associate Professor, Deree College – The American College of Greece, Athens, Greece
5.2. Towards the Digital Humanist: methodologies and experiences

Cultural heritage represents a very important economic asset that remains underexplored in the academic literature. Archaeological parks, museums, and intangible cultural heritage represent resources that, through their valorization, can significantly contribute to the economy of a nation. It is necessary, however, to find methodologies and approaches apt for the task of exploring and communicating the salience of this issue to a society that rapidly changes channels and modes of communication, including the resources and stories. In this scenario, new technologies represent a very important resource, but still all too rarely used. In many European countries, the world of cultural heritage seems reluctant to understand the possibilities linked to the wise use of new technological tools and related services. Indeed, the dramatic period of the Covid-19 lockdown revealed how far the world of cultural heritage is from an effective and efficient digitalization of its processes.
In this view, the objective of this panel is to share models and practices of cultural innovation in the humanities in all its main expressions and potentialities. The idea is to highlight, with concrete examples and experiences, those approaches that are fit to support the tourist, cultural, recreational supply chain through the use of new technologies and their main applications.

-Francesco Colace, Ph.D., Univeristy of Salerno, Fisciano, Italy
-Domenico Santaniello, Ph.D., Univeristy of Salerno, Fisciano, Italy
-Angelo Lorusso, Ph.D., Univeristy of Salerno, Fisciano, Italy
6.1. Gender, entrepreneurship and the digital divide in the Global South and the Global North

This panel will focus on gender, entrepreneurship and the digital divide in the Global South and the Global North. The theme of the SI will link to the United Nation’s (UN) Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and contexts related to the Global South and Global North peripheries. The key objectives of this SI are to examine: (i) how the onset of increasingly sophisticated information and communication technology (ICT) influences gender and entrepreneurship in the Global South and in the peripheries of the Global North; (ii) what types of interpretive lens and explanatory potential are offered by the existing literature on the subject, and (iii) whether best practice-sharing and specific business and policy strategies might be helpful in alleviating negative implications.

Akila Sarirete, Ph.D., Effat University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
6.2.Migration and mobility in the post-Covid era

There has been a rapid shift in mobility during the pandemic. Restrictions to mobility introduced as a measure to curb the Covid pandemic as well as concerns about the virus impacted people globally. Concerns about contracting and spreading the virus impacted people’s behavior. Sometimes restrictions to mobility confined people to their homes, to their districts, or to their countries. These limitations did not only change people’s behavior, but also their thinking about time, space, and life. Now the world is opening up, but the extent and speed of opening up differ greatly. The pandemic, instead of being a leveler, is highlighting differences between regions, classes, genders, people of different ages. The differences and shared experiences provide an opportunity to seek a greater understanding of what this means in an, until the pandemic, increasingly mobile world. In short, this panel aims to explore both Covid19’s impact on mobility and migration during and after the pandemic.

-Kata Fredheim, Ph.D., Stockholm School of Economics in Riga,
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